From a population of 30 to 60 million animals roaming throughout North America, bison reached a low of 100 in the wild in the late 1800's.
Since 1908, the National Bison Range has played an important role in the successful recovery of these magnificent animals.
The fact that we can still see bison on the landscape is one of the finest accomplishments in the history of the National Wildlife Refuge System.
President Theodore Roosevelt established the National Bison Range on May 23, 1908 when he signed legislation authorizing funds to purchase suitable land for the conservation of bison. It was the first time that Congress appropriated tax dollars to buy land specifically to conserve wildlife. The overall mission of the National Bison Range is to maintain a representative herd of bison, under reasonably natural conditions, to ensure the preservation of the species for continued public enjoyment.
Content courtesy of US Fish and Wildlife Service